According to the 2020 U.S. Census, the total population of Fayette County has declined slightly since the 2010 census.
The population of Fayette County in the 2010 census was 29,030, while the total population of the 2020 census was 28,951, a decrease of 79 people.
A decrease in population is not surprising given that U.S. population growth fell to its lowest rate since the nation’s founding in the first year of the pandemic. The coronavirus has reduced immigration, delayed pregnancies and killed hundreds of thousands of U.S. residents, according to figures released last week.
The United States grew only 0.1%, with an additional 392,665 people added to the U.S. population from July 2020 to July 2021, bringing the nation’s number to 331.8 million people, according to estimates by population published by the US Census Bureau.
While the population of Fayette County has declined over time, the population of the City of Washington Courthouse has increased. In the 2010 census, Washington CH had a population of 14,192 and in the 2020 census the population was 14,401, 209 more than the 2010 census.
According to the US Census Bureau’s Quick Facts, Washington Court House’s population growth of 209 people exceeded that of Chillicothe’s gain of 158, Wilmington’s gain of 144 and Hillsboro’s decline of 124.
âMany rural communities have experienced population decline. I am pleased that our population is growing despite the great recession and the pandemic, âsaid Washington Court House City Manager Joe Denen.
The United States has experienced slow population growth for years, but the pandemic has exacerbated that trend. Last year was the first time since 1937 that the country’s population had grown by less than one million people.
âI expected weak growth but nothing this low,â said William Frey, senior researcher in the Brookings Institution’s Metropolitan Policy Program, Brookings Metro. âIt tells us that this pandemic has had a huge impact on us in all kinds of ways, and now on demographics. “
Once the pandemic is brought under control, the United States could eventually see a decrease in the number of deaths, but population growth is unlikely to return to what it has been in recent years due to declining births. This will increase the need for immigration of young workers whose taxes can support programs such as Social Security, Frey said.
âWe have an aging population and that means fewer women of reproductive age,â Frey said. âWe see young people putting off having children and they are going to have fewer. “
The decision not to have children from young families can be motivated by financial worries as much, if not more, than health concerns, said Linda Kahn, a professor at New York University and lead researcher in a study that showed that nearly half of New York City’s mothers who tried to get pregnant before the pandemic began in March 2020 stopped during the outbreak’s first months.
âCOVID was really a stress test of our entire system and its failure to support women and families,â Kahn said. âWomen have been hit much harder by the pandemic. They lost their jobs at higher rates and had to give up their jobs, often to take home classes. The pressures on women were enormous and there really is no safety net in the United States.
The US Census Bureau’s Quick Facts document provides various pieces of information. The percentage of women in Fayette County matches the percentage of women in the country at 50.8%.
Quick Facts also provides information on the population by age. Under-5s at Washington Court House make up 7.4% of the population, Chillicothe 7.3%, Wilmington 6.5%, and Hillsboro 6%. Under 18: Washington Court House 25%, Hillsboro 22.5%, Wilmington 22.3% and Chillicothe 21.8%. Those 65 and over: Hillsboro 23.3%, Chillicothe 20%, Washington Court House 19% and Wilmington 17.8%.
From 2015 to 2019, there were 1,800 veterans in Fayette County.
Of the county’s total population, 14.8% under the age of 65 had a disability (8.6% in the United States) and 8.5% of those under the age of 65 had no health insurance ( 10.2% in the United States).
The median household income in 2015-2019 was $ 47,308 (US $ 62,843) and 13.8% (11.4% US) lived in poverty.
When data was collected in 2019, there were 12,817 dwellings, of which only 64.9% were owner-occupied. The median value of these owner-occupied dwellings was $ 113,500. The 2015-2019 median gross rent in the county was $ 718.
Of the total population of Fayette County, 85.7% of people over 25 had a high school diploma or above, while 16.3% had a bachelor’s degree or above.
Nationwide, for the first time, international migration exceeded natural increases due to more births than deaths. There has been a net increase of almost 245,000 residents due to international migration, but only about 148,000 new births outnumbering deaths.
International migration has fallen by about half from the previous year due to COVID-19-related restrictions, such as the closure of borders for non-essential travel and the closure of many consulates abroad where visas are issued. As recently as 2016, the United States recorded a net increase of more than one million international migrants.
In more than two dozen states, including Florida, deaths outnumbered births. The deaths topped Florida births by more than 45,000 people, but the state’s saving grace has been a migratory gain of more than 259,000 people, the highest in the country.
University of New Hampshire demographer Kenneth Johnson described the decline in the natural increase in the US population as “astonishing”, saying it was the smallest gap between births and births. death in over 80 years.
âOf course, most of this is COVID, but not all of it,â Johnson said. âThe natural increase in the United States was already at a low ebb before COVID, with the fertility rate hitting a new high every year and deaths steadily increasing due to the aging of the population. “
Between 2020 and 2021, 33 states saw their populations increase, mostly due to internal migration, while 17 states and the District of Columbia lost population.
Mountain West states had the highest year-over-year growth rate, with Idaho increasing almost 3%, and Utah and Montana each seeing their population increase by 1.00%. 7%. The District of Columbia lost 2.9% of its population, while New York and Illinois lost 1.6% and 0.9% of their population, respectively. In pure numbers, California recorded the largest net population loss of any state – nearly 353,000.
While the pandemic has given some people the ability to work remotely, data released last month by the Census Bureau shows that there has been no major migration to the United States because of it.
The Associated Press and Washington Court House City Manager Joe Denen contributed to this article.
Contact reporter Jennifer Woods at 740-313-0355.