Population Growth in America’s Largest Cities Since 2000 – Wall St.


Special report

In 2000, according to the US Census Bureau, the United States had a population of 281.4 million. By 2020, that number had grown to 331.4 million. Almost all of the major cities experienced substantial growth during this period, although the rates varied wildly.

Examining data from the US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, 24/7 Wall St. tracked population trends in the nation’s 50 largest cities. (On a less granular leverage, here’s how the population of each state has changed since 2010.)

Our list shows some very clear trends: explosive growth in parts of the South and Southwest, slower growth in the North, and decline in parts of the Midwest. These were probably motivated by a number of factors, including the economic strength of the Sunbelt States; immigration, especially from Latin America; and varied demographic profiles, with aging baby boomers more concentrated in the North and Northeast.

The fastest growth was in Raleigh, North Carolina, where the population grew 72.6% between 2000 and 2021, followed by Fort Worth, Texas with a growth of 71.9% and Charlotte / Mecklenburg, North Carolina, with an increase of 60.4%. (Discover the fastest growing city in each state.)

Click here to see the population growth since 2020 in the largest US cities

Three cities in the Midwest and one on the east coast saw declines. Detroit’s population fell 30.6%. This city has long suffered from a host of ailments, including deindustrialization, high crime rates and the flight to the suburbs. Baltimore’s population declined 6.4%, Chicago’s 5.4%, and Milwaukee’s 1.4%.


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